PET CARE

Inoculations:

 

 

Current research indicates that for the maximum safety possible the following inoculation schedule is relevant:
Puppies and adult canines:
The diseases inoculated against are: Distemper(D), Hepatitis(H), Parvovirus(P) and Leptospirosis(L). Para-influenza(Pi) and Kennel Cough (KC) are done on occasions when required such as entry into kennels or dog-shows. These diseases are still present in this area, and therefore any canine of any age is a possible disease risk.
DHPL – 1st inoculation usually from 8-10 weeks age.
DHPL – Booster 2 weeks after 1st inoculation.
Followed by annual boosters. Rottweilers and Dobermanns are recommended to have a further booster at 14-16 weeks of age.
Parvo, Hepatitis and Distemper are now done every third year but Lepto must be done annually.
Kittens and adult felines:
The diseases inoculated against are: ‘Flu and Enteritis combined (CHP), plus Feline Leukaemia (FELV).
1st inoculation is at 9 weeks age followed by a booster 3 weeks later, then annual inoculation.


Maximal immunity develops within 10-14 days so your pet should not be allowed to go where other animals have been until this period has elapsed.
Inoculations are vital to protect your pet and must be boosted to ensure continued protection. Prevention of disease and suffering is paramount.

Serological testing to check levels of antibodies to these diseases is possible. There is debate, however, that measured levels of antibodies does not guarantee level of immunity to disease. So if your pet has adequate levels of antibodies it does not guarantee illness will not develop.

If you wish to know more about the tests and their costs please contact the Clinic.


Rabbits:
Myxomatosis inoculation every year from 6 weeks age is vital as we are in an endemic area. Haemorrhagic Viral Disease vaccination is included with the myxoma vaccine.

Parasites

Fleas and Ticks:


These parasites are involved in skin disease, bacterial infections, worm transmission and anaemia. They are major health risk in pets and humans and must be rigorously controlled.
Ticks are readily visible except in long coated pets, but fleas are able to disguise their presence very well. Sometimes the only evidence may be scratching or just the presence of flea dirt on the skin.
It is very important that flea control is implemented even if there is no evidence of fleas. Prevention is far better than cure.

Current treatments available:
There are a wide range of controls available from tablets to spotton preparations and even an injection for cats. They vary in cost and length of effectiveness so please contact the Clinic in order to discuss what is suitable for you and your pet. Some preparations are becoming ineffective due to build up of resistance by fleas, so it is important you are fully informed when you make your choice. Legislation forbids us from naming any prescription product on our website.

Babesiosis in dogs is now becoming a threat in England. There is an excellent tick control product available. Please contact the Clinic if this is a concern for you.

 

Worms:


Two major types: Roundworm and Tapeworm.
Roundworm is the prime worm in young animals especially up to 6 months of age and in those with a compromised immune system. There is a zoonotic risk (transmissible to humans, especially children) so regular deworming is vital. The worms are contracted from the mother in utero, from mother’s milk and contamination from faecal material.
Tapeworm: primarily contracted from fleas, which are swallowed during grooming, but also from wildlife such as rabbits and rodents.
Recommended deworming schedule:
From 2 weeks of age deworming should be done every 2 weeks until 12 weeks of age then every month until 6 months of age. After 6 months of age every 3 to 4 months is adequate. Hunters and pets with flea problems should be dewormed every 2 months.
Pregnant mothers should be dewormed twice during the pregnancy (but not during the first trimester), again after the birth and repeat a month later, with a final deworming after the young have been weaned.

Due to the upsurge in lungworm in dogs it is recommended that deworming with a specific medication, (not all deworming agents treat lungworm), is done every month until at least 2 years of age, and beyond if your dog persists in eating slugs and snails.

Rabbits should undergo twice a year deworming.

 

Feeding:

A balanced diet is essential for proper growth and maintenance of body tissues and the immune system. There are many commercial diets available and we cannot advise which particular diet will suit your pet. Often it is a case of trial and error but should you need any advice on dietary requirements feel free to contact us.
Feed puppies and kittens three to four times a day until they are 6 months of age, then twice a day up to 9 months of age. From 9 months of age you may feed either twice or once a day.

Obesity:

 
Obesity is a major cause of disease, especially diabetes, pancreatitis, liver and  heart disease and even cancer. It is vital that your pet’s weight is controlled. Should you wish to take advantage of our knowledge and help regarding losing weight we would be very happy to advise you.

 

 

Microchip:

Permanent identification of your pet is now possible through the insertion of a bar-coded silicon chip under the skin of the neck. This means that should your pet get lost and is taken to a vet or rescue facility as a stray, it will be scanned and immediately identified. With the advent of the Pet Passport this is a requirement should you wish to take your pet on holiday to Europe. It is now a legal requirement that ALL dogs are microchipped.


General Health Care:
We are happy to advise on all aspects of health care such as dental, ear and skin care, diets etc. Please feel free to talk with our staff.
Annual check ups are an important part of health care and we provide full diagnostic facilities. General checks are performed at the time of inoculation and in depth tests are available such as ECG’s, X-rays, Blood tests etc.
This is of particular importance in older age and any pet 7 years of age or older should have at least a check up and blood tests once a year to detect any changes in the vital organs.
Prevention is better than cure!

 Sterilisation:
All bitches and queens should be spayed at an early age if breeding is not intended. Early spaying dramatically reduces the risk of breast cancer, and pyometra, a lethal cystic condition of the womb, is avoided.
Male dogs can be neutered to reduce wandering and sexual behaviour. Aggressive behaviour can sometimes be controlled this way. An implant is available which will induce the same effects as neutering in male dogs. This is done every 6 months and is useful for those dogs where surgery is not desired.
Male cats should always be neutered to prevent spraying, wandering, fighting and transmission of Feline Leukaemia and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (feline AIDS).
These operations are performed from 6 months of age. There is no requirement for a season or litter prior to sterilisation.


Training:
We strongly advise training for dogs from an early age. Training benefits both pet and owner and is generally enjoyed by both! Trainers can be found in local press and Yellow Pages. We also can direct you to a trainer or behaviourist as you require